The Congo fever or Crimean Congo hemorrhagic fever is caused by viruses, which enter the human body, colonize and multiply there. The pathogenic virus was first isolated in 1956 from human blood in an area that is part of the Republic of the Congo today.
Around the same time cases of the disease have been known on the Crimean peninsula. Therefore, one speaks of the Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever, although the disease has spread to many other areas. Disease also occurs in the Middle East as well as in other Asian countries especially Pakistan, and in many European and African countries.
Congo Fever Disease
The Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever is caused by viruses. The routes of infection carried from animals to humans or from humans to humans. The disease has many symptoms that affect the entire body, ranging from harmless flu-like symptoms to serious complications.
The virus is transmitted to humans mainly by ticks and livestock animals, while moving from one person to another, as result of direct contact with blood of an infected person, secretions, organs or other body fluids.
The virus may also be transmitted to patients in hospitals as a result of poor sterilization of medical equipment and re-use of needles and the contamination of medical supplies.
The incubation period of the disease is depend on infection. If an infection occurs through contact with infected blood or tissue to be somewhat longer. The flu-like symptoms usually put a sudden and are nonspecific beginning. Occasionally, the disease is also asymptomatic.
The main symptoms of Congo fever include:
- Fever, chills,
- Neck pain, Muscle and limb pain,
- Enlarged lymph nodes.
- Headache, dizziness.
- Mood swings and depression.
- Epigastric pain,
- Vomiting and diarrhea,
The disease is diagnosed through the identification of the disease causing virus in the blood of the person concerned. The virus can be detected directly or indirectly in specially oriented laboratories.
The indirect detection via the identification of specific antibodies against the virus in the blood. This can be detected from the sixth day of illness. The direct detection of the virus via PCR method.
Specific therapy for the treatment of Crimean-Congo fever does not exist. The treatment is therefore mainly symptomatic. That is, the complaints are with analgesic and Antipyretic alleviated drugs. Due to the risk of infection ill persons are first treated in an isolation ward.
For specific antiviral therapy is sometimes like other hemorrhagic fevers the drug Ribavirin used. It has shown some effectiveness in fighting viruses. However, effectiveness needs to be examined more closely and has not yet been conclusively assessed. The drug also acts only in the early phase of the disease process.
The treatment and care of patients with bleeding is extremely complicated and requires extensive precautions and medical knowledge.