The eczema is a chronic skin disease that is characterized by inflammation of the skin. The disease occurs in most cases scaly skin that are infected are just a symptom in “Atopic dermatitis” on in spurts.
Eczema is known in technical jargon as endogenous or “Atopic eczema”. The skin of those affected is extremely dry and itchy.
Periods in which the patient is symptom free, alternate with outbreaks different severity. The disease often occurs in infancy or early childhood and can be used both by genetic factors, but also by environmental factors, allergens and stress are triggered. Suffering, for example, both parents suffer from allergic disease, there is the likelihood that the children in mind ill at 40-80%.
However, the skin disease also applies elderly people without apparent cause. Patients who suffer from eczema are at increased risk of developing allergies cancer or asthma. In many cases, eczema is aggravated by mental stress.
The affected skin is drier than in a healthy person. You can store little moisture and lack of certain oils from the skin.
Thereby, the skin turn rough and scaly. There arise red and inflamed patches on the skin. Due to the intense itching suffering from “Atopic dermatitis” tend to be reinforced scratch, which in turn has the consequence that weeping eczema arise.
In the skin defects reach bacteria that cause inflammation. If the eczema shear subsides, the skin remains often scaly and leathery. Such Eczema can occur all over the body.
To diagnose eczema, a thorough examination of the skin should be done at a dermatologist. Usually the doctor can already see on the diseased skin, whether it is “Atopic eczema“, or not. By means of an allergy tests can be examined whether or not the body of an allergic reaction to certain substances.
Important in the treatment of “Atopic dermatitis” is that the dry skin is treated daily with moisturizing bath oils, creams or lotions. Treatment must be continued in symptom-free periods.
- The choice of skin care creams should be quiet experimented a bit. In summer, water containing creams are, in winter high-fat creams are more appropriate.
- In acute attacks cortisone creams provide relief, they should be applied, but only over a short period of time. For diagnosis and treatment of diseased skin, a doctor should be consulted in every case. A wrong skin ointment may well cause a worsening of Pruritus.
- To avoid severe eczema flare ups, the following may be helpful. Wearing thin cotton gloves at night can prevent the skin from being scratched in my sleep. Since excessive sweating increases the itching, it is appropriate to wear synthetic fabrics, more suitable clothing is made of cotton.
- Full baths dry out the skin, so it is better to only briefly to take a shower. Use only soaps that are fragrance free and pH neutral. If an allergy has been demonstrated in a skin test, everything should be done to avoid contact with the allergens.