lung cancer also called as bronchial carcinoma, the most common and most dangerous cancers. A major cause of this cancer is smoking, but also Non smoking may be affected.
Although at an early stage is a cure possible, but must be considered in the treatment that a tumor from the lungs out rapidly spread to other organs and form secondary tumors (metastases).
On the following pages you can read in detail about symptoms (e.g, cough, shortness of breath or pain), diagnosis, treatment (surgery, radiation, chemotherapy, targeted EGFR-TKI therapy) and follow up of this cancer.
Lung cancer a diagnosis that scares. The grief sometimes anger and helplessness often accompanied. A disease unit, and the victims themselves, but also their families, friends gives the feeling of being alone.
This cancer is rarely curable and is the most common in men, in women the third most common cancer related cause of death, the number of deaths increases in women continues to increase, while decreasing slightly in men the same trend as in the number of new cases.
Mainly external factors are responsible for the development of lung cancer. These include active smoking, the radioactive gas radon, passive smoking, cancer causing substances such as the workplace and air pollution.
But main risk factor for lung cancer is smoking. About 90% of men and about 60% of women who develop cancer are smokers. Even passive smoking increases the risk of cancer.
9 out of 10 patients with cancer at the time of diagnosis have symptoms due to the disease. The symptoms can differ from the original tumor itself, emanating from the spread of cancer in the thorax or of cancer metastases. Main symptoms of lung cancer are:
- Cough: Up to 3 quarters of all lung cancer patients suffering from cough. Cancer often occurs in the central region of the lungs where the bronchi branch out.
- Shortness of Breath: Up to 2 – 3rd of all cancer patients suffer through the tumor to shortness of breath. It occurs particularly when the cancer is moved larger bronchial tubes and prevents the aeration of parts of the lungs.
- Unclear breast symptoms: In up to half of all sufferers of lung cancer leads to discomfort in the chest. The symptoms come and go. In many cases, pain occurs, but can be assigned to any particular place in the chest.
Whether surgery, chemotherapy, radiation therapy or targeted therapy which method each is used depends primarily on the type of tumor and the stage of disease.
The doctor explains to his patients about which treatments are specifically eligible for lung cancer. They then decide to work together for what therapy will also depend on whether a cure is possible or if the therapy is to enable a possible long and largely pain free life.
The focus is on the quality of life of the patient. Sufferers may see themselves faced with the challenge of having to accept a limited remaining lifetime. Try to speak as a concerned with your doctor about it as openly as possible so that he can tailor the treatment measures at your plans and wishes.
In the advanced stage of cancer and if offer is no effective treatment against cancer more, it comes in the treatment especially of efforts to ease experiencing discomfort and improve the patient’s condition. An effective pain management is in the foreground.
In addition, measures are used that are directed specifically against certain ailments, such as surgery for life threatening bleeding or metastatic bone fractures.