Melanoma is a highly malignant tumor which originates from the pigment cells of the skin, colloquially it is referred to as “black skin cancer”. The malignant skin tumor is one of the most dangerous forms of cancer, as it is already very early starts to spread metastasis via the blood and lymph systems.
Melanoma is the most frequently fatal skin disease worldwide. Annually, an average of 2,000 people die of the melanoma or black skin cancer disease. In contrast to the bright skin cancers, the basal cell carcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma which, the melanoma is characterized by its dark color, often as a very dark liver spot appears.
The main risk factor of malignant melanoma is considered too intense sunlight. Unlike other skin tumors, however, does not play a chronic exposure to the sun’s role, but pronounced sunburns in children and youth. In addition, fair skinned and red haired people, at risk group.
Even people with a large number of moles are at an increased risk of developing malignant melanoma on. The disease also has a hereditary predisposition, since an increased incidence was observed within families.
The appearance of skin cancer is sometimes quite different. Warnings may have an enlargement, color alteration, and itching of liver spots be. To distinguish melanoma from benign lesions, a so called ABCDE rule be applied:
- A for Asymmetry: Since melanomas grow preferentially in one direction, they are asymmetric. Completely round Liver spots are extremely rare malignant.
- B as limiting: The limitation of melanoma is usually irregular, jagged and blurry.
- C as coloring: The staining of melanoma is often differently pigmented and multi colored.
- D for diameter: The diameter of the melanoma is increasing slowly. Moles that are larger than 5 mm in size, should be a precaution controlled by a dermatologist.
- E such sublimity: Suspects are also hemispherical pigmented moles that grow in the air.
Also, the itching or bleeding of a liver spot among the warning signs of melanoma. If in doubt, visit a dermatologist should always be considered.
The black skin cancer is removed surgically basically, doing a safety distance of one centimeter is always observed around the tumor.
If it is determined after the histological examination that the tumor had grown deeper into the healthy tissue, there is a re-operation in which more tissue is removed. Remaining residual tumor in the healthy tissue, there is the possibility that the tumor begins to grow again, or metastatic spread.
In the case of an advanced tumor disease, the doctor will also remove the adjacent lymph nodes. If you already have metastasized, are usually chemotherapy or radiotherapy.
The course of malignant melanoma depends on its stage of cancer. If the skin cancer is recognized early and treated, it is curable. Once metastases in have formed other organs, the cancer is no longer curable and reduce the chances of survival, unfortunately drastically.
Especially important is a regular follow up with a dermatologist. Within the 1st 5 years after treatment, the risk of metastasis is highest. Therefore, a quarterly check up is recommended.
Especially people with very fair skin and a large number of moles should avoid an overly intense sunlight. The skin should always be creamed by a sunscreen with a high sun protection factor.
Since the course of malignant melanoma is rather poor, it is vitally important that melanoma at an early stage and to be examined. In the self examination and the soles, the back and the scalp should be considered.
People who belong to the typical risk group should have their skin once examine annually by a dermatologist. The sooner the black skin cancer is detected, the higher are the chances of a cure!
Melanoma or Black Skin Cancer in Urdu