living and working in America - a dream for many people! But the everyday life in a strange city, in another culture is fascinating for expatriates and often difficult at the same time.
Do you need a US visa for work - or study abroad in America? Or are you looking for as a company, a contact person for obtaining visas to US-traveling employees?
ATTENTION: All visa options mentioned here are non-immigrant visas in US immigration laws. This only entitle for temporary residence in the United States. Do you want to live in the US and or work, so it is necessary to apply for a immigrant visa (green card).
Visa Waiver Program (VWP) / ESTA
Since 1986, it is possible for citizens of certain countries to enter without the prior issue a visa to the United States. You can use the so-called Visa Waiver Program (VWP) use, which allows entry for tourism for up to a maximum of 90 days per entry. This course includes the transit ("transit").
The VWP may also be also used for business activities, albeit in a very limited context ("Business Visa Waiver"). Thus, for. As for trade shows, meetings, conferences etc. and all further business immigration purposes or even to take up work not covered by this program, even if the stay should be limited to 90 days.
Internship / Study Visa
The internship / study visa is categorized into 2 categories.
F-I study visa
The F-1 visa is issued for up to 5 years. The residence status is valid for the entire duration of the course and is mentioned in the I-20 form. Should be a delay of the study period because such. As the main subject was changed or illness occurs, the student may request an extension in the educational institution.
- The F-1 visa holders, it is also allowed just 30 days before study entry to enter the US and stay still for up to 60 days after completion of studies in the United States.
J-1 internships and research visa
Under the J-1 visa, various expenses exchange programs, which are administered by the US immigration Department of State. Thus, it allows to complete J-1 visa students and young professionals for a limited period of internship in the US, where internships are not considered as pure employment, but rather contribute to the exchange of social and cultural characteristics, as well as business processes.
Temporary residency US visas
To take up work in the United States applicants are several visa options available. Each category includes individual admission requirements, application paths, costs and processing times.
Which visa for the specific case however seems suitable and, above all, must be assessed individually. Decisive factors here as the qualifications, nationality, duration of the intended stay, company affiliation or business mix.
Below we are the main work visas for temporary US immigration.
C-1 / D visa "crew member"
The C-1 / D visa is issued to foreign nationals who are employed by an airline or ship transport company (shipping company) and regularly fly to the USA or start and or use the US as a transit to a third country.
- The C-1 / D visa is not to be confused with the B-1 / B-2 category , but is often exhibited in combination.
E-1 visa "Treaty Trader"
The E-1 Treaty Trader category goes back to the period when there were still no groupings such as the European Union and NAFTA countries and agreeing bilateral contracts in order to enable their citizens to cross-border trade.
The E-1 visa is eligible employees by businesses, which operate substantial trade with the United States. An independent contractor may just qualify for this visa, as employees of small to multinational companies.
E-2 visa "Treaty Investor"
The E-2 visa is based - similar to the E-1 category - on bilateral contracts in the context of investment projects in the United States.
- Currently, there are about 60 nations to maintain such relations with the United States. Austria and Switzerland are naturally included.
P visa "Internationally Recognized Athlete / Entertainment Group / Artist"
The, P-category is intended for athletes, artists or entertainers who either want to work as a group for a limited period individually in the US or.
- P-1 visa for athletes and entertainers
For the P-1 visa, foreign athletes or entertainers qualify. An internationally recognized athlete or member of an international team athletes who want to take part in competitions in the United States is / are entitled to receive the P-1 status. A sports competition includes tournaments, tours and seasons.
- P-2 visas for international artist exchange
Individual artists, performers and members of theater groups who wish to enter the United States to participate in an artistic exchange program, organized by the United States and a foreign institution, this can be achieved within the framework of the P-2 status. Under "artists" means in this context, those dealing with the "nice", visual or performing arts.
- P-3 Visa for culturally unique performer
Individual actors and actresses groups that are known for their excellent cultural performances, may qualify for the P-3 visa. "Culturally unique" means an artistic performance that is unique to a specific country, a social group, religion or tribe.
US immigration in Urdu
The following visa category H-IB is specified for specialty occupation workers.
The most famous temporary work visa for US immigration, many foreign professionals such as engineers, scientists, computer scientists, etc. work with the help of the United States, is still the H-1B visa.
The H-1B category is limited in number and subject to a certain quota system "H-1B cap", which for a US tax year respectively (Fiscal Year FY) applies.
- The US tax year begins on October 1 and ends on September 30 of the following year. The tax year 2015 (FY 2015), it will start on October 1, 2014, and ending September 30, 2015th.
I-visa "Foreign News Media"
Many citizens of Western European countries can be immediately outside without a visa for up to 90 days in the United States - even to limited business activities.
Nevertheless journalists a separate I-visa required. However, many media workers still use in good faith visa-free entry "Visa Waiver Program" or the B-1 visa.
L-1 visa "Intra Company Transferee
The L-1 visa is a work and residence permit for the United States. This category allows internal staff transfer within a group of companies from the current location to the US foreign location.
- L-1 visas are often applied in the context of classical assignments, but can also be used for an extended project and / or assembly operations on the US site or on site.
NOTE: This is the L visa to a quite time-consuming and expensive procedure. As a result, companies should practice in deploying the E-1 or E-2 visa.
- L-1A and L-1B visa
The legislature distinguishes between L-1A visa applications for Managers / Executives and L-1B visa applications for specialists..
- The maximum stay under L-1A status amounts to up to 7 years, L-1B visa holders may be up to maximum of 5 years residing in the United States.
O-1 visa "Extraordinary Ability"
The O-category allows up work for especially talented, foreign persons in the United States at a US company or a US immigration department or by a US agency. The O-1 visa is available only to persons of extraordinary ability in specific work areas.
Distinction between O and O-1A-1B visa
The US immigration authorities differ in O-1A and 1B, O-Visa.
- For O-1A visas are people who have exceptional skills in the field of science, education, business or sport to qualify.
- For O-1B visas are people who have exceptional skills in the field of art or have rendered exceptional services in the field of film and television industries qualify.
Permanent Visa (Green card)
A non-immigrant visa is often easier and faster to get than a green card. In many immigrants wonder, therefore, if it does not make sense to 1st apply for a visa to come to the US as soon as possible, and then to be taken locally in the US in peace the green card process in attack.
US immigration specified several Green cards categories: In addition to the universally known lottery and green cards for refugees and asylum seekers, a fundamental distinction between job-based green cards and those family ties to US citizens or other holders of green cards presuppose.
Certain exceptions (esp. For parents, children and spouses of US citizens), is available for the latter two categories, only a limited number of green cards. Accordingly, it may take several years, it has been held up on the request.
US immigration in Urdu